FEICOM & UN-HABITAT
According to UN-Habitat, 60% of the world's population will live in cities by 2030, with 90% urban growth in low- and middle-income countries. In these countries, urbanization is badly planned and not mastered de facto to such an extent that the main cities are experiencing the proliferation of slums, the most glaring manifestation of which is precarious or under-equipped housing.
It is on the strength of this observation that the General Assembly of the United Nations, in adopting the New Urban Agenda, specifies in point 46 "We commit ourselves to promoting the role of affordable and sustainable housing and housing finance, including social habitat production, in economic development, and the contribution of the sector to stimulating productivity in other economic sectors, recognizing that housing enhances capital formation, income, employment generation and savings and can contribute to driving sustainable and inclusive economic transformation at the national, subnational and local levels
In Cameroon, the overall housing need is estimated at 1,743,428 units in 2016, including 354,086 housing needs due to potential demand and 1,389,342 housing needs due to overcrowding and poor housing. However, since then less than 10,000 social housing units have been produced by the public authorities.
As this situation is characteristic of many African countries, the following questions should be asked: How can it be explained that African states encounter difficulties in mass production of housing? How to produce mass housing for the poorest populations? What are the economic and financial levers for the mass production of housing? What is the contribution of local authorities in the production of housing?
Goals of the session
Contribution of the session to the objectives of the summit and Recommendations
- Making known the issues and challenges of housing production in Africa for local communities;
- Sharing the best practices of local authorities in the production of decent housing;
- Sharing best practices in terms of financing the production of decent housing;
- Sharing best practices in terms of social inclusion through housing.
Create an information center on the production and management of housing in Africa for local authorities;
Provide local authorities with resources for the production of decent housing;
Promote public-private partnership at the national and continental level for the financing of the production of decent housing;
Promote self-construction tools to populations in under-structured neighborhoods.