Urban issues are progressively getting priority on the global development agenda: 2030 Global Development Agenda, Goal 11, and the New Urban Agenda (NUA) and Africa 2063 Agenda. The Africa Union, set up of a Specialized Technical Committee (STC) on Public Service, Local Government, Urban Development and Decentralization to develop a mechanism for promoting sustainable human settlements thus vindicating the central role of urbanization in African development.
|This partner networking event will be held on the sidelines of the 9th Edition of AfriCities Summit in Kisumu and bring together PUSP Tripartite partners including Ministers, Mayors, Academicians and PSUP Tripartite partners (OACP, EC and UN-Habitat). It will contribute to the AfriCities theme: ‘The Role of Intermediary Cities of Africa in the implementation of Agenda 2030 of the United Nations and the African Union Agenda 2063’ by reinforcing the crucial role played by cities in the network and success of the PSUP. The event seeks to:
1. provide an opportunity for the Tripartite partners to take quick stock of the 14 years of the Tripartite Partnership in PSUP implementation and advocating for prioritization of urban poverty challenge in global development arena.
2. Jointly explore the strategic areas for continuation of the Tripartite partnership that can be leveraged at local, national, sub-regional and regional levels for implementing the New Urban Agenda and contribute to achieving SDG 11 Target 1.
This event will seek to answer the following questions.
· What has been the key accomplishments of the Tripartite Partnership for countries towards achieving SDG 11.1 and implementing NUA?
· What is the role of Cities in the future partnership in the face of changing global challenges?
· Why is it critical to continue with the partnership?
The role of partnerships in meeting SDGs is espoused in Goal 17: Revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development. A successful development agenda is foreseen where inclusive partnerships at the global, regional, national, and local levels that are built upon principles and values, and upon a shared vision and shared goals place people and the planet at the center. The Participatory Slum Upgrading Programme (PSUP) has leveraged strong tripartite partnership of the Organization of African, Caribbean and Pacific States (OACPS) political advocacy, funding from the European Commission (EC) and technical implementation by UN-Habitat to implement the programme, through local partnerships in 190 cities in 40 ACP countries since its inception in 2008. The partnership has had fundamental impact at country level through PSUP activities. Jointly, the partners have promoted prioritization of the issues of slums and informal settlements by increasing advocating for integrated response at global and regional development forums, notably the United Nations Sustainable Development Summit 2015, the United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development (Habitat III) and World Urban Forums. The value of this kind of partnership is even more significant when considering the consequences of the global COVID-19 pandemic. It has been established, more important than ever, the necessity of strengthening multilateralism and global partnerships if we are to address global challenges comprehensively.
Urbanization in Africa is progressing rapidly. The continent’s rate of urbanization soared from 15 percent in 1960 to 40 percent in 2010 and is projected to reach 60 percent in 2050. It is expected that urban populations in Africa will triple in the next 30 years, transforming the demographic profile of the region to urban setting. Rapid urbanization in Sub-Saharan Africa presents both an opportunity for economic growth but also a major challenge for governments and cities. One of the key consequences of this imbalance is the increasing urban poverty characterized by occurrence of slums and informal settlements that impedes achievement of the SDG Target 11.1. The proportion of people living in slums are excluded from social, economic, and physical goods of urbanization and forms over 56% of urban population in Africa, South of Sahara (SSA). The growing urbanization of poverty is one of the most pressing problems of the 21st century for African local governments. Urban poverty and informality diminish the ability for Sub-Saharan nations to meet the target SDG11.1.1. Subsequently, it undermines the capacity to achieve the Goals: 1 (End Poverty), 5 (Achieve Gender Equality), 10 (Reduce Inequality) and 13 (Take climate action). Similarly, their ability to deliver on the Africa 2063 Agenda will also be curtailed by the rising urban inequalities.